patent


patent
"LAW.COM Dictionary":
1) adj. obvious. Used in such expressions as a "patent defect" in an appliance. 2) n. an exclusive right to the benefits of an invention or improvement granted by the U.S. Patent Office, for a specific period of time, on the basis that it is novel (not previously known or described in a publication), "non-obvious" (a form which anyone in the field of expertise could identify), and useful. There are three types of patents: a) "utility patent" which includes a process, a machine (mechanism with moving parts), manufactured products, and compounds or mixtures (such as chemical formulas); b) "design patent" which is a new, original and ornamental design for a manufactured article; and c) "plant patent" which is a new variety of a cultivated asexually reproduced plant. Example: Secretary of Agriculture and later Vice President Henry A. Wallace developed hybrid corn which made him rich for life. A utility or plant patent lasts 17 years and a design patent lasts 14 years, but all types require payment of "maintenance" fees payable beginning 3 1/2 years after the issuance to keep them up. Patent law specialists can make a search of patents to determine if the proposed invention is truly unique, and if apparently so, can file an application, including detailed drawing and specifications. While awaiting issuance of the patent, products or designs should be marked "patent pending" or "pat. pending." Upon receiving the patent the product can be marked with the word "patent" and the number designated by the Patent Office. The rights can be transferred provided the assignment is signed and notarized to create a record or "licensed" for use. Manufacture of a product upon which there is an existing patent is "patent infringement" which can result in a lawsuit against the infringer with substantial damages granted. 3) n. a nearly obsolete expression for a grant of public land by the government to an individual.
See also: patent ambiguity patent defect patent infringement patent pending

English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典). 2013.

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  • patent — pat·ent 1 / pat ənt3 also pāt / adj [Anglo French, from Latin patent patens, from present participle of patēre to be open] 1 a: open to public inspection see also letters patent at letter 2 …   Law dictionary

  • patent — patent, ente [ patɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. • 1292 « lettre patente »; lat. patens, p. prés. de patere « être ouvert; être évident » 1 ♦ Vx Ouvert. Hist. Lettres patentes : décision royale, sous forme de lettre ouverte, accordant ordinairement une faveur à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Patent — Pat ent (p[a^]t ent or p[=a]t ent), a. [L. patens, entis, p. pr. of patere to be open: cf. F. patent. Cf. {Fathom}.] 1. Note: (Oftener pronounced p[=a]t ent in this sense) Open; expanded; evident; apparent; unconcealed; manifest; public;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • patent — [pat′ nt; ] for adj. 2 4 & 8 [ pāt′ nt, pat′ nt; ] Brit usually [ pāt′ nt] adj. [ME < MFr & L: MFr patent < L patens, prp. of patere, to be open: see PATELLA] 1. a) open to examination by the public: said of a document granting some right… …   English World dictionary

  • patent — pàtent (patȅnt) m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. a. dokument, isprava koja potvrđuje isključivo pravo izumitelja na primjenu svoga izuma b. ono na što je dobiven takav dokument; sam izum, poboljšanje ili racionalizacija c. naročito udešen uređaj …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Patent — Pat ent, n. [Cf. F. patente. See {Patent}, a.] 1. A letter patent, or letters patent; an official document, issued by a sovereign power, conferring a right or privilege on some person or party. Specifically: (a) A writing securing to an invention …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patent — (Erfindungspatent, franz. brevet d invention, engl. patent; hierzu die Textbeilage: »Übersichtstafel der Patentgesetze der wichtigsten Staaten«), die Urkunde, durch welche die ausschließliche gewerbliche Verwertung einer neuen Erfindung für eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Patent — Pat ent, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Patented}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Patenting}.] To grant by patent; to make the subject of a patent; to secure or protect by patent; as, to patent an invention; to patent public lands. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Patent — Sn eine Urkunde über bestimmte Rechte erw. fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. patente f. Bestallungsbrief, Gewerbeschein , dieses eine gekürzte Substantivierung aus frz. lettre patente f. offener Brief , nach l. (littera) patēns f.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Patent — (v. lat.), 1) ein offener Brief, etwas zu beglaubigen; 2) obrigkeitliche schriftliche Bekanntmachung einer wichtigen Sache durch Anschläge, so der Besitzergreifung eines erledigten Thrones, eines abgetretenen Landes; 3) schriftliche Bestallung… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • patent — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. patentncie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} dokument wydawany przez specjalnie powołany do tego urząd, stwierdzający oryginalność wynalazku i nadający jego autorowi prawo… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień


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